Periodontal/Gums Treatment in Punjabi Bagh, West Delhi
Get the best periodontal/gums treatment by an experienced periodontist in West Delhi at Dental World’s Punjabi Bagh & Rajouri Garden Dental Clinics
A Periodontist is someone who understands oral hygiene the best. Periodontics is the branch of science that studies the clinical aspects of supporting structures of teeth (i.e the periodontium), which includes gingiva (gums), alveolar bone (jaw), root cementum and periodontal ligament. This word is derived from two Greek words which means, study of that which is “around the tooth”.A periodontist specializes in treating different kinds of periodontium diseases.These sorts of diseases span through different forms but are usually a result of bacterial infection in gums. If, left untreated, it generally results in alveolar bone loss and eventually tooth loss.
The most common problems involving the gums are:
- Gingivitis /Bleeding gums
- Receeding gums
Gingivitis/Bleeding gums Treatment –
Causes for gum diseases :
- Poor nutrition
- Tooth grinding
- Some medications increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
Plaque removal: As plaques are thin and soft bio-films of deposits of micro organisms on the tooth surface so removing them is easier. Regular brushing of teeth is one of the most common instruction given to the patient that reduces the level of plaque formation to almost nil level. Various other methods of Plaque removal includes inter dental aids like floss and tooth picks, rubber tip stimulators and water irrigators.
If plaque continues to persist on tooth for it calcifies to form calculus. Removal of Calculus includes Scaling, Curettage and root planing.
Scaling is the removal of the hard and soft deposits formed on the Supra as well as Sub-gingival level. Scaling is either done with hand instruments or with Ultrasonic scalers. At Dental World we use state of the art Ultrasonic scalers for the maximum comfort of our patients.
Root planing: Removal of the deeply embedded calculus followed by smoothing the root walls is termed as Root planning.
Curettage is the removal of Cementum residue, gingival pocket linings, and deep calculus. Curettage involves marginal gum or gingival removal to access the depth of the tooth. Treating Gingivitis does half the job as it is this untreated Gingivitis that later progresses into a much more destructive phase that involves bone loss and marginal gingival recession.
Receding Gums Treatment-
Factors responsible for Receding Gums
- Periodontal infections of various origin like Bacterial and fungal invasion
- Genetic influence – Surveys have shown that genetic trait results in over 30% cases of gum recession
- Improper brushing technique – aggressive pattern of brushing or improper movement of the brush bristles can easily cause damage to the gum
- Unhygienic status – poor oral health with formation of calculus and plaque deposition can result in gum problems
- Hormonal changes due to Menopause, pregnancy, puberty, cysts can make gums sensitive and prone to infections and recessions
- Grinding and clenching of teeth
- Use of tobacco in form of cigarettes, pouches etc.
- Malocclusion and fractured tooth
- Piercing of the lips and tongues can cause continuous attrition between gum and the metal causing recession of gums
How to Treat Receding Gums
- Determination of the causative factor and elimination of any habits like tobacco chewing, improper oral care, piercings etc
- Educating and teaching of proper oral hygiene methodology. This can include techniques of brushing technique demonstrations, making patients aware of the various other cleaning products available like dental floss, sugar free gums, mouth rinse etc.
- Regular oral prophylaxis to avoid plaque and calculus
- Deep cleaning in form of curettage, ultra sonic scaling and root planning
- Gum grafting
- Tissue Regeneration
Treatment of Periodontitis-
If gingivitis is left untreated it advances to become Periodontitis. It is characterized by
- Tooth ligaments ditatching
- Destruction of surrounding bone
- Teeth becoming loose or wobbly
- Tooth loss
The goal of periodontitis treatment is to thoroughly clean the pockets around teeth and prevent damage to surrounding bone. Treatment may be performed by a Periodontist, a dentist or a dental hygienist. You have the best chance for successful treatment when you adopt a daily routine of good oral care.
If periodontitis isn’t advanced, treatment may involve less invasive procedures, including:
- Scaling: Scaling removes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces and beneath your gums. It may be performed using instruments or an ultrasonic device.
- Root planning: Planning smoothens the root surfaces, discouraging further build-up of tartar and bacterial endotoxin.
- Antibiotics: Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or into pockets after deep cleaning.