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Periodontics/Gums Treatment

Get the best periodontal/gums treatment by an experienced periodontist in West Delhi at Dental World’s Punjabi Bagh & Rajouri Garden Dental Clinics


A Periodontist is someone who understands oral hygiene the best. Periodontics is the branch of science that studies the clinical aspects of supporting structures of teeth (i.e the periodontium), which includes gingiva (gums), alveolar bone (jaw), root cementum and periodontal ligament. This word is derived from two Greek words which means, study of that which is “around the tooth”.A periodontist specializes in treating different kinds of periodontal diseases.These sorts of diseases span through different forms but are usually a result of bacterial infection in gums. If left untreated, it generally results in alveolar bone loss and eventually tooth loss.

Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum disease. Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can lead to tooth loss if not treated. 

However, the two major classes of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis.

  • Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It is induced by the formation and accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth' surface. Plaque is a sticky film that contains bacteria.
  • Gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene.
  • Whereas, Periodontitis is a more intense condition of gum disease.
  •  It is yielded by plaque and tartar accumulation that has been untreated for a long time. Periodontitis can lead to bone loss, tooth loss, and other health problems. 
  • Periodontitis is not reversible, but it can be treated to stop the progression of the disease.

Periodontics Treatment Options

The type of periodontics treatment you need will depend on the severity of your gum disease. Some common periodontics treatment options include:

  • Scaling and root planing

This is a non-surgical procedure that removes plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots.

  • Antibiotics:

Antibiotics may be used to treat a periodontal infection.

  • Surgery:

Surgery may be necessary to reduce gum pockets, repair damaged bone, or replace lost teeth.

Periodontal Abscess Treatment

A periodontal abscess is a collection of pus that forms in the gums around a tooth. It is a painful condition and can lead to tooth loss if not treated.

Treatment for a periodontal abscess typically includes:

  • Draining the abscess:

The dentist will drain the abscess to remove the pus.

  • Antibiotics:

Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection.

  • Root canal:

 If the tooth is infected, a root canal may be necessary to save the tooth.
Gingivitis/Bleeding Gums Treatment

Causes for gum diseases :

  • Poor nutrition
  • Smoking
  • Tooth grinding
  • Diabetes
  • Stress

Some medications increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

  • Plaque removal: As plaques are thin and soft bio-films of deposits of microorganisms on the tooth surface so removing them is easier. Regular brushing of teeth is one of the most common instruction given to the patient that reduces the level of plaque formation to almost nil level. Various other methods of Plaque removal include interdental aids like floss and toothpicks, rubber tip stimulators and water irrigators.

    If plaque continues to persist on teeth it calcifies to form calculus. Removal of Calculus includes Scaling, Curettage and root planing.

  • Scaling: is the removal of the hard and soft deposits formed on the Supra as well as Sub-gingival level. Scaling is either done with hand instruments or with Ultrasonic scalers. At Dental World we use state of the art Ultrasonic scalers for the maximum comfort of our patients.

  • Root planing: Removal of the deeply embedded calculus followed by smoothing the root walls is termed as Root planning.
  • Curettage:is the removal of Cementum residue, gingival pocket linings, and deep calculus. Curettage involves marginal gum or gingival removal to access the depth of the tooth. Treating Gingivitis does half the job as it is this untreated Gingivitis that later progresses into a much more destructive phase that involves bone loss and marginal gingival recession.

Receding Gums Treatment

Factors responsible for Receding Gums

Periodontal infections of various origin like Bacterial and fungal invasion.

  • Genetic influence Surveys have shown that genetic trait results in over 30% cases of gum recession.
  • Improper brushing technique, aggressive pattern of brushing or improper movement of the brush bristles can easily cause damage to the gum.
  • Unhygienic status, poor oral health with formation of calculus and plaque deposition can result in gum problems.
  • Hormonal changes due to Menopause, pregnancy, puberty, cysts can make gums sensitive and prone to infections and recessions.
  • Grinding and clenching of teeth.
  • Use of tobacco in the form of cigarettes, pouches etc.
  • Malocclusion and fractured tooth

Piercing of the lips and tongues can cause continuous attrition between gum and the metal causing recession of gums How to Treat Receding Gums.

How To Treat Receding Gums

  • Determination of the causative factor and elimination of any habits like tobacco chewing, improper oral care, piercings etc
  • Educating and teaching proper oral hygiene methodology. This can include brushing technique demonstrations, making patients aware of the various other cleaning products available like dental floss, sugar free gums, mouth rinse etc.
  • Regular oral prophylaxis to avoid plaque and calculus.
  • Deep cleaning in the form of curettage, ultrasonic scaling and root planing.
  • Gum grafting.
  • Tissue Regeneration.

Treatment Of Periodontitis

  • If gingivitis is left untreated it advances to become Periodontitis. It is characterized by
  • Tooth ligaments dethatching
  • Destruction of surrounding bone
  • Teeth becoming loose or wobbly
  • Tooth loss

The goal of periodontitis treatment is to thoroughly clean the pockets around teeth and prevent damage to surrounding bone. Treatment may be performed by a Periodontist, a dentist or a dental hygienist. You have the best chance for successful treatment when you adopt a daily routine of good oral care.

Nonsurgical Treatments

If periodontitis isn’t advanced, treatment may involve less invasive procedures, including:

  • Scaling: Scaling removes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces and beneath your gums. It may be performed using instruments or an ultrasonic device.
  • Root planing: Planning smoothens the root surfaces, discouraging further build-up of tartar and bacterial endotoxin.
  • Antibiotics: Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or into pockets after deep cleaning.

If you have any of the signs or symptoms of gum disease, it is important to see a periodontist for evaluation and treatment. 

Gum conditions are a severe situation and can lead to loss of teeth and other health problems. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment can help to stave off the progression of gum infection and help protect your oral health.


How to Prevent Receding Gums?

Receding gums are a typical indication of gum diseases. It can expose the roots of your teeth, making them more sensitive to cold and heat. Receding gums can also lead to tooth loss.

There are several things you can do to prevent receding gums, including:

  • Brush and floss your teeth regularly
  • Visit dentists for routine check-ups
  • Avoid tobacco use
  • Manage other health conditions: 

Certain health conditions, such as diabetes, can increase your risk of gum disease. Manage your health conditions to reduce your risk of receding gums.

DENTAL WORLD ~ Centres Of Dental Excellence